In contrast to female world leaders, who have become increasingly common in recent decades, the world has not seen very many openly homosexual world leaders, making gay and lesbian prime ministers and presidents exceedingly rare. Rare, but not nonexistent.

Here is a list of past and present openly gay heads of state as of June, 2017.

1 Iceland Prime Minister Jóhanna Sigurdardóttir Feb. 1, 2009 - May 23, 2013
2 Belgium Prime Minister Elio Di Rupo Dec. 6, 2011 - Oct. 11, 2014
Prime Minister Xavier Bettel
Dec. 2, 2013 -
Republic of Ireland
Prime Minister Leo Varadkar
Jun. 13, 2017 -
Prime Minister Brnabić
Jun. 29, 2017 -
Prime Minister Jóhanna Sigurdardóttir (born October 4, 1942) came to power in Iceland following the country's economic collapse in late 2008. A member of the Icelandic social democratic party, her government passed same-sex marriage legislation in 2010 which allowed her to marry her longtime partner, writer Jónína Leósdóttir while in office.
Prime Minister Elio Di Rupo (born July 18, 1951) became leader of Belgium in late 2011, ending an infamously long period in which a deadlocked parliament was unable to assemble a workable coalition to govern the country. Di Rupo has been open about his sexuality since the 1990s, but was single during his prime ministership. Same-sex marriage has been legal in Belgium since 2003.
Prime Minister Xavier Bettel Prime Minister Xavier Bettel (born March 3, 1973) became prime minister of Luxembourg in December of 2013 following the resignation of his longtime predecessor, Jean-Claude Juncker. His government legalized same-sex marriage in 2015, allowing Bettel to marry his partner, Gauthier Destenay. Interestingly enough, Bettel's deputy prime minister, Etienne Schneider, is also gay.
Prime Minister Xavier Bettel Prime Minister Leo Varadkar (born January 18, 1979) became prime minister, or Taoiseach, of Ireland in 2017 following the resignation of prime minister Enda Kenny. The son of an Indian immigrant who had been active in politics since his teenage years, Varadkar became prime minister at only 38 — making him the country's youngest-ever ruler. Ireland legalized same-sex marriage in 2015. Varadkar has a boyfriend but is not married.
Prime Minister Ana Brnabic Ana Brnabić (born September 28, 1975) was nominated as prime minister of Serbia in 2017 by president Aleksandar Vučić after he, the previous prime minister, was elected president and the position became vacant. Though Serbia is considered a very socially conservative country that is not highly tolerant of homosexuality, Brnabić's appointment was easily confirmed by parliament.

Though this is obviously a difficult thing to measure, it's generally believed these three leaders were the first lesbian and gay world leaders in modern history. If there were any homosexual prime ministers or presidents before them, they were not open about it.

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