National Geographic's 50 Most Important Political Leaders in History

source: National Geographic Almanac of World History (2004)

In historical order:

Century Name Position / reign Lifetime
30th Century BC Fu Hsi Emperor of China c. 2900 BC
13th Century BC Ramses II Pharoh of Egypt (1304 - 1237 BC) ?
10th Century BC Bilqis Queen of Sheba c. 900 BC
8th Century BC Romulus King of Rome c. 700 BC
5th Century BC Pericles Leader of Athens c 495 - 429 BC
4th Century BC Alexander the Great King of Macedon (336 - 323 BC) c. 356 - 323 BC
2nd Century BC Hannibal Carthagian general c. 247 - 182 BC
Shanakdakhete Queen of Napata (177 - 155 BC) ?
1st Century BC Julius Caesar Dictator of Rome (49-44 BC) c. 100 - 44 BC
Cleopatra VII Queen of Egypt (51 - 30 BC) c. 70 - 30 BC
1st Century AD Nero Emperor of Rome (54 - 68 AD) c. 37 - 68 AD
3rd Century Jingo Empress of Japan c. 169 - 269 AD
5th Century Attila the Hun King of the Huns (434 -453 AD) c. 406 - 453 AD
8th-9th Century Charlemange King of the Franks (771 - 814 AD) c. 742 - 814 AD
11th Century William the Conquorer King of England (1066 - 1087) c. 1028 - 1087 AD
13th Century Ghengis Khan Emperor of the Mongols c.1160 - 1227 AD
15th Century Moctezuma I Emperor of the Aztecs (1440 - 1469) ?
Isabella Queen of Castile (1474 - 1504) 1451 - 1504
16th Century Suleyman I Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1520 - 1566) 1494 - 1566
Catherine de' Medici Queen of France (1547 - 1559) 1519 - 1589
Elizabeth I Queen of England (1558 - 1603) 1533 - 1603
18th Century Pontiac Chief of the Ottawa (1755 - 1769) c. 1720 - 1769
Catherine the Great Tsar of Russia (1762 - 1799) 1729 - 1796
George Washington President of the United States (1789 - 1797) 1732 - 1799
Simon Bolivar President of Bolivia, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezula (c. 1819- 1827) 1783 - 1830
19th Century Napoleon Bonaparte Dictator of France (1799 - 1814) 1769 - 1821
Victoria Queen Empress of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1819 - 1901
Abraham Lincoln President of the United States (1861 - 1865) 1809 - 1865
John A. MacDonald Prime Minister of Canada (1867 - 1873, 1878 - 1891) 1815 - 1891
20th Century Vladimir Lenin Leader of the Soviet Union (1917 - 1924) 1870 - 1924
W.L. Mackenzie King Prime Minister of Canada (1921-1926, 1926-1930, 1935-1948) 1874 - 1950
Benito Mussolini Prime Minister of Italy (1922 - 1943) 1883 - 1943
Joseph Stalin Leader of the Soviet Union (1924 - 1953) 1879 - 1953
Hirohito Emperor of Japan (1926 - 1989) 1901 - 1989
Getúlio Vargas President of Brazil (1930-1945, 1950-1954) 1883 - 1954
Adolph Hitler Dictator of Germany (1933 - 1945) 1889 - 1945
Franklin Roosevelt President of the United States (1933-1945) 1882 - 1945
Winston Churchill Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1940-1945, 1951-1955) 1874 - 1965
Eva Peron First Lady of Argentina (1944 - 1952) 1919 - 1952
Charles de Gaulle President of France (1944-1946, 1950-1969) 1890 - 1970
Jawaharlal Nehru Prime Minister of India (1947 - 1964) 1889 - 1965
Chiang Kai-shek President of the Republic of China (1948 - 1975) 1887 - 1975
Mao Tse-tung Chairman of the People's Republic of China (1949 - 1976) 1893 - 1976
John F. Kennedy President of the United States (1961 - 1963) 1917 - 1963
Indira Gandhi Prime Minister of India (1966-1977, 1980-1984) 1917 - 1984
Suharto President of Indonesia (1967 - 1998) 1921 -
Margaret Thatcher Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1979 - 1990) 1925 -
Benazir Bhutto Prime Minister of Pakistan (1988-1990, 1993-1996) 1953 -
Kim Campbell Prime Minister of Canada (1993) 1947 -
Nelson Mandela President of South Africa (1994 - 1999) 1918 -